Florence art guide

Andrea del Sarto

andrea del sarto

Florence (1486-1530)

The son of Agnolo di Francesco, a tailor, he was the last great classical painter in Florence (1486-1530), before the birth of Mannerism.
The pupil of Piero di Cosimo, he was influenced by Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael and was a purely classical painter. According to Vasari, he could draw "perfectly" and combined Roman formalism and Leonardo's soft shading with the luminous colours of the Veneto region, thus showing his interest in research and the doubts that were to lead to Mannerism. It is hardly a surprise to find that Pontormo, Rosso and Giorgio Vasari studied in his workshop.
He carried out more than one series of frescoes: he painted scenes from the life of St. Filippo Benizzi (1510) in the Cloister dei Voti in the Annunziata , and, after two probable trips to Rome, scenes from the Life of Mary (1514 c.) and the lunette of the Madonna of the Bag (1525), one of his finest works.
His grisaille of the Life of St. John the Baptist in the Chiostro dello Scalzo, is also an extremely fine work (from 1515). He also painted the Tribute to Caesar in the Medici villa of Poggio a Caiano but one of his most important works is certainly the Last Supper at San Salvi (carried out between 1520-25, even though the contract is dated 1511). It was described as being the only "Last Supper" that was not cancelled out by the famous one by Leonardo.

last supper
Last Supper Cenacolo St.Salvi.

His many panels on wood, where he best expresses his delicate use of colour, include the Madonna of the Harpies (Uffizi), the Dispute of the Holy Trinity, the Deposition and the Dream of the Pharoah (all in the Pitti Palace), the Sacrifice of Abraham (Madrid, Prado) and the Portrait of Sansovino (1524) in the National Gallery in London.
Towards the end of his life, saddened by the desertion of his wife and the loss of many of his paintings during the siege of Florence, he lay down in his bed, refused to eat and died within a short time.

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